Jackson's album Thriller remains the world's best-selling album of all time, and four of his other solo studio albums are among the world's best-selling records: Off the Wall , Bad , Dangerous and HIStory In the early s, he became a dominant figure in American popular music and culture.
He was the first African American entertainer to amass a strong crossover following on MTV, with videos such as "Beat It", "Billie Jean" and Thriller—widely credited with transforming the music video from a promotional tool into an art form—bringing fame to the relatively new channel.
Beyond his success on television, Jackson popularized a number of physically complicated dance techniques, such as the robot and the moonwalk, with his elaborate stage performances. Jackson donated and raised millions of dollars for beneficial causes through his Heal the World Foundation, charity singles, and support of 39 charities. Other aspects of his personal life, including his changing appearances and behavior, generated significant controversy that damaged his public image.
Though he was accused of child sexual abuse in , the criminal investigation was closed due to lack of evidence and Jackson was not charged. The singer had experienced health concerns since the early s along with conflicting reports regarding the state of his finances since the late s. Jackson married twice and fathered three children, actions which caused further controversy. In , Jackson was tried and acquitted of different sexual abuse allegations and several other charges.
The singer died on June 25, , aged 50, after suffering cardiac arrest. One of the few artists to have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice, his other achievements include multiple Guinness World Records—including one for "Most Successful Entertainer of All Time"—13 Grammy Awards, 13 number one singles in his solo career—more than any other male artist in the Hot era—and the sales of over million records worldwide.
Jackson's highly publicized personal life, coupled with his successful career, has made him a part of popular culture for almost four decades.
November 30, Thriller is released. Mar 25, First performance of the moonwalk. Jan Burns his scalp filming Pepsi ad; starts using painkillers; third rhinoplasty. May 14, Honored by Pres. Reagan for charity work. Apr Moonwalk autobiography published. Apr 5, Honoured by Pres. Bush for charity work. Sep 30, Heal the World Foundation launched. May Befriends Jordan Chandler, Feb 10, Discusses his abuse as a child with Oprah.
July Surgery to fix scalp after burn; given painkillers. Nov 13, Cancels the Dangerous tour; checks into rehab in London for analgesia abuse. Winter La Toya publicly accuses him of pedophilia; she later retracts. Dec 20, minute police strip search; friends say he never recovered.
Jan 1, May 26, Marries Lisa Marie Presley. Jan Presley files for divorce. Sep 7, HIStory tour begins. Anesthesiologist accompanies him. Nov 14, Marries Debbie Rowe. Feb 13, Michael Joseph Jackson, Jr. Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. Text and Waveform Progress Color :. Background Color :. Waveform Color :.
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Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved November 7, All Media Network. Retrieved June 12, Retrieved November 21, Australia's Music Charts — pdf ed.